The U.S. government has defined bullying victimization as “any unwanted aggressive behavior(s) by another youth or group of youths who are not siblings or current dating partners that involves an observed or perceived power imbalance and is repeated multiple times or is highly likely to be repeated”.1 Conceptualizations of bullying and the use of the term vary by audience and context. For instance, for some, bullying behaviors might include acts of aggression or violence, whereas for others bullying might center on name-calling, exclusionary social practices or even spreading rumors and vicious lies.2
Jornal de Pediatria
© 2023 Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. on behalf of Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 International License.
Dexter R. Voisin, Lois Takahashi, David B. Miller, Jun Sung Hong. Bullying victimization and perpetration: some answers and more questions. Jornal de Pediatria, Volume 99, Issue 4, 2023, 309-311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2023.04.001.