Author ORCID Identifier

Dexter R. Voisin

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Purpose of Review: In the USA, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV. High levels of adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) can dramatically improve outcomes for persons living with HIV and reduce the risk of HIV transmission to others. Yet, there are numerous individual, social, and structural barriers to optimal ART adherence. Many of these factors disproportionately impact Black MSM and may contribute to their poorer rates of ART adherence. This review synthesizes the key challenges and intervention opportunities to improve ART adherence among MSM in the USA. Recent Findings: Key challenges to ART adherence include stigma, violence, depression, and substance use. Black MSM are significantly disadvantaged by several of these factors. There are several promising interventions to improve ART adherence among MSM, and there remains an opportunity to culturally tailor these to the needs of Black MSM populations to enhance adherence. Summary: Despite high rates of HIV among MSM, there continues to be a paucity of research on the various contributors to poor ART adherence among this population. Similarly, few interventions have been tested that lead to increased and sustained ART adherence among Black MSM.


antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, depression, men who have sex with men, stigma, violence

Publication Title

Current HIV/AIDS Reports





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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020


This is a peer reviewed Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Springer in Current HIV/AIDS Reports, available at: 10.1007/s11904-020-00510-5



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