Author ORCID Identifier

Dexter R. Voisin

Document Type


Publication Date



Purpose: Young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) experience poorer antiretroviral therapy (ART) medication adherence relative to their white counterparts. However, few studies have longitudinally examined factors that may correlate with various classifications of ART adherence among this population, which was the primary aim of this study. Methods: Project nGage was a randomized controlled trial conducted across five Chicago clinics from 2012 to 2015. Survey and medical records data were collected at baseline and 3- and 12-month periods to assess whether psychological distress, HIV stigma, substance use, family acceptance, social support, and self-efficacy predicted ART medication adherence among 92 YBMSM ages 16–29 years. Results: Major results controlling for the potential effects of age, education level, employment, and intervention condition indicated that participants with high versus low medication adherence were less likely to report daily/weekly alcohol or marijuana use, had higher family acceptance, and exhibited greater self-efficacy. Conclusions: These findings identity important factors that can be targeted in clinical and program interventions to help improve ART medication adherence for YBMSM.


African-American, family acceptance, HIV stigma, medication adherence, men who have sex with men, psychological distress, self-efficacy, social support

Publication Title

Journal of Adolescent Health





First Page


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© 2016 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc.


This is a peer reviewed Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Elsevier in Journal of Adolescent Health, available at: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.10.428


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