Author ORCID Identifier

Elliane Irani

Seunghee Margevicius

Document Type


Publication Date



AIMS: Given the complexity of heart failure (HF) management, persons with HF and their informal caregivers often engage in dyadic illness management. It is unknown how congruent appraisal of dyadic HF care type is associated with dyadic health. Our aim was to examine how congruence in and satisfaction with appraisal of dyadic HF care type contribute to quality of life (QOL) for dyads. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data on 275 HF care dyads (patients 45.1% female, caregivers 70.5% female). Congruent appraisal and satisfaction were assessed using the Dyadic Symptom Management Type instrument. Quality of life was measured using the Short Form-12. Multilevel dyadic models were estimated to examine the contribution of congruence and satisfaction with dyadic care type to physical and mental QOL. Congruent appraisal of dyadic care type was positively associated with caregivers' mental QOL (B = 2.69, P = 0.026). Satisfaction with dyadic care type was positively associated with physical and mental QOL for persons with HF (B = 1.58, P = 0.011 and B = 2.09, P = 0.002, respectively) and informal caregivers (B = 1.70, P = 0.004 and B = 2.90, P < 0.001, respectively), while controlling for age, New York Heart Association class, daily hours spent together, relationship type, and congruence with dyadic care type. CONCLUSION: Satisfaction with dyadic care type appraisal was a stronger contributor to QOL for HF care dyads, compared with congruent appraisals. It is important to understand reasons for dissatisfaction within the dyad to assist dyad members in reaching shared appraisals while managing HF.


dyad, family caregiver, heart failure, quality of life

Publication Title

European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing





First Page


Last Page



© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email:


This is a peer reviewed Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Oxford University Press in European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing available at

Included in

Nursing Commons


10.1093/eurjcn/zvac052" data-hide-no-mentions="true">
10.1093/eurjcn/zvac052" data-hide-zero-citations="true" data-style="small_circle">

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.