Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4667-349X

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-1-2021

DOI

10.17265/2159-581X/2021.01.003

Publication Title

Journal of Earth Science and Engineering

First Page

13

Last Page

19

Volume

9

Issue

1

College/School

Case School of Engineering

Department/Center

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Abstract

This paper presents a comparative “cradle to gate” life cycle assessment (LCA) of 3D printing houses and conventional buildings using SimaPro software, as a tool to model and compare the two alternatives. The study considered a terraced type of buildings with a floor area of 60 m2 (functional unit), which could occupy 2-3 households. The results indicated that 3D printing houses have a smaller environmental impact than conventional buildings in all impact categories except in terrestrial ecotoxicity, in which both alternatives resulted in 172 kg 1,4-DB eq. 3D printing houses exhibit a higher climate impact from Timber floorboards, window frames, and Portland cement which are responsible for 7.39 ´ 104 kg CO2 eq, 9.34 ´ 104 kg CO2 eq, and 3.82 ´ 104 kg CO2 eq respectively.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.