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Surface-grafted elastin has found a wide range of uses such as sensing, tissue engineering and capture/release applications because of its ability to undergo stimuli-responsive phase transition. While various methods exist to control surface grafting in general, it is still difficult to control orientation as attachment occurs. This study investigates using an electric field as a new approach to control the surface-grafting of short elastin-like polypeptide (ELP). Characterization of ELP grafting to gold via quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation, atomic force microscopy and temperature ramping experiments revealed that the charge/hydrophobicity of the peptides, rearrangement kinetics and an applied electric field impacted the grafted morphology of ELP. Specifically, an ELP with a negative charge on the opposite end of the surface-binding moiety assembled in a more upright orientation, and a sufficient electric field pushed the charge away from the surface compared to when the same peptide was assembled in no electric field. In addition, this study demonstrated that assembling charged ELP in an applied electric field impacts transition behavior. Overall, this study reveals new strategies for achieving desirable and predictable surface properties of surface-bound ELP.
USDA Award No. 2018-68011-28691; NSF Award No. 2045033
United States Department of Agriculture; National Science Foundation
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Pramounmat, Nuttanit; Asaei, Sogol; Hostert, Jacob D.; von Recum, Horst A.; and Renner, Julie N., "Grafting of Short Elastin-Like Peptides Using an Electric Field" (2022). Faculty Scholarship. 5.