OBJECTIVES: In platelets, α-synuclein is important in calcium-dependent granule release. Notably, cells release α-synuclein in setting of cell damage or death. Therefore, we investigated α-synuclein levels in plasma of single donor platelet (SDP) units during storage. METHODS: Aliquots were obtained from same SDP units for 7 days from day of donation. Additionally, randomly sampled SDP units at same storage time points were also assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: α-Synuclein in SDP plasma increased continuously over time at each assayed time point. Significant increases were measured on day 3 (11.7 ± 9.6 ng/mL, P = 0.025), day 5 (15.3 ± 5.9 ng/mL, P = 0.002), and highest on day 7 (23.7 ± 5.6 ng/mL, P < 0.0001) compared to day 0 (1.1 ± 0.8 ng/mL). Similar significant results were obtained in randomly sampled SDP units at same corresponding time points. Flow cytometry showed that platelets had strong expression of α-synuclein and lacked expression of other synucleins. CONCLUSIONS: Increases of α-synuclein during SDP storage is a steady and continuous process that increases with time. Our findings indicate that α-synuclein may represent a biomarker of platelet biological state during storage. Further research will be needed to determine how α-synuclein increases correlate with platelets' function.
biomarker, platelets, senescence, storage, α-synuclein
European Journal of Haematology
P0178; R01 AI034343
Office of Diversity and Inclusion, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center; National Institutes of Health (NIH)
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Stefaniuk CM, Hong H, Harding CV, Maitta RW. α‐Synuclein concentration increases over time in plasma supernatant of single donor platelets. Eur J Haematol. 2018;101:630–634. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejh.13152