Author ORCID Identifier

Yun-Yang Lee

Aidan Klemm

Burcu Gurkan

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Understanding the oxidative and thermal degradation of CO2 sorbents is essential for assessing long-term sorbent stability in direct air capture (DAC). The potential degradation pathway of imidazolium cyanopyrrolide, an ionic liquid (IL) functionalized for superior CO2 capacity and selectivity, is evaluated under accelerated degradation conditions to elucidate the secondary reactions that can occur during repetitive absorption-desorption thermal-swing cycles. The combined analysis from various spectroscopic, chromatographic, and thermal gravimetric measurements indicated that radical and SN2 mechanisms in degradation are encouraged by the nucleophilicity of the anion. Thickening of the liquid and gas evolution are accompanied by 50 % reduction in CO2 capacity after a 7-day exposure to O2 under 80 °C. To prevent long exposure to conventional thermal heating, microwave (MW) regeneration of the CO2-reactive IL is used, where dielectric heating at 80 and 100 °C rapidly desorbs CO2 and regenerates the IL without any measurable degradation.


carbon capture, dielectric heating, electromagnetic wave, oxidative degradation, thermal degradation

Publication Title







© 2023 The Authors. ChemSusChem published by Wiley-VCH GmbH

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


10.1002/cssc.202300118" data-hide-no-mentions="true">
10.1002/cssc.202300118" data-hide-zero-citations="true" data-style="small_circle">

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